Water is vital to everyday life, necessary for health and should never be taken for granted. It is very important to be prepared BEFORE emergencies occur. Earthquakes, floods, high winds, droughts and forest or brush fires are events that can create water emergencies.
Learn how to shut off the main water valve to your house (see picture). Make sure you know the location of the valve; have the necessary tools to operate it; and mark it with fluorescent paint or tape for locating the valve in the dark.
Purchase bottled water or store water in clean unbreakable containers that can be properly sealed or capped after filling. It is recommended to have at least one gallon of water per person and pet per day, and store enough water for three to five days. Store water in a cool area away from direct sunlight. Water should be replaced every 6 months.
To prepare your family for a water emergency such as a broken pipe, show them how to turn off the main water valve to your house. For most homes, the valve is located at the faucet in front of the house where a hose can be connected. The valve is just below the faucet, usually with a round or oval handle that controls the flow of the water to the house. To shut off the water to the house, turn the round or oval handle to the valve clockwise. If your home does not have a visible “gate valve,” you should consider having one installed.